FULL TEXT (html)
Issue: 2016, September, Volume 10, No 3
issue id: 2016_9_10_3
article id: 2016_9_10_3_1

Letter to the Editor



Birinci Basamakta Apiterapi
Apitherapy in Primary Care

Onur Ozturk1*, Mustafa Yasin Selcuk2

ABSTRACT
Official traditional and complementary medical practices are regulated with the Traditional and Complementary Medical Practice Regulations of the Ministry of Health. Apitherapy is the use of the bee and its products as a complementary and supportive remedy in the treatment of some diseases. Honey, pollen, propolis, bee venom and royal jelly are used in apitherapy practice. Primary care physicians are generally concerned about complementary/supportive treatment. But in many publications the potential benefit of apitherapy are mentioned. Lack of scientific researches on apitherapy is an important gap in Turkey.
Key words: Apitherapy, primary care, complementary, supportive

ÖZET
Sağlık Bakanlığı’nın Geleneksel ve tamamlayıcı tıp uygulamaları yönetmeliği ile Türkiye’de resmi olarak uygulanabilecek geleneksel ve tamamlayıcı tıp uygulamaları belirlenmiştir. Apiterapi, arı ve arı ürünlerinin bazı hastalıkların tedavisinde tamamlayıcı ve destekleyici olarak kullanılmasıdır. Apiterapi uygulamalarında bal, polen, propolis, arı zehiri ve arı sütü kullanılmaktadır. Birinci basamak hekimleri tamamlayıcı/destekleyici tedavi konusunda çoğunlukla endişe duymaktadır. Fakat birçok yayında apiterapinin potansiyel yararından söz edilmektedir. Türkiye’de apiterapi hakkında yeterli bilimsel araştırmanın yapılmaması önemli bir eksikliktir.
Anahtar kelimeler: Apiterapi, birinci basamak, tamamlayıcı, destekleyici


Received / Geliş tarihi: 22.04.2016
Accepted / Kabul tarihi: 22.05.2016
1Asarcik Family Health Center, Clinic of Family Medicine
2Ondokuz Mayis University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Family Medicine
* Address for Correspondence / Yazışma Adresi: Onur Öztürk, Asarcik Family Health Center, Clinic of Family Medicine, Samsun - TÜRKİYE
* E-mail: dr.onurozturk@yahoo.com
Ozturk O, Selcuk MY. Apitherapy in Primary Care. TJFMPC, 2016;10(3): 124-125.
DOI: 10.21763/tjfmpc.56770

Dear Editor,
Primary care physicians encounter dozens of patients of all age groups every day according to primary care demands. Definitely, protective and curative medical (chemical) suggestions suggested during this episode also might harm the body. Complementary/supportive treatments might be the right solutions at this point. And this traditional and complementary medical practices are regulated officially by the 'Traditional and Complementary Medical Practice Regulations of the Ministry of Health'.[1] Apitherapy is one of these methods included in this regulation.

      Apitherapy is the use of bee and bee products as a complementary and supportive practice in the management of some diseases. Honey, pollen, propolis, bee venom and royal jelly are used in apitherapy practice.
Primary care physicians are generally concerned about complementary/supportive treatment. But, World Health Organization recommends honey with its antimicrobial characteristics as an appropriate method for cough and cold.[2] Honey as a remedy is for example popular for upper respiratory tract infections in Germany, Norway, Spain, Venezuela and Middle East. And it is used traditionally as a remedy for a long time in India, Nigeria and Ghana.[3,4] Evidence based literature (i.e. Cochrane review) reports potential benefit of honey in non-specific childhood coughs.[5]

      Epidemiological studies and animal experiments report on the utility of pollen in prostate hyperplasia and allergic disease, bee venom for mildering pain in rheumatic disease and in controlling multiple sclerosis attacks, propolis in cardiovascular disease and royal jelly in providing the flowability of red blood cells.[6-8] The only contraindication of apitherapy are age (<1 years), and the presence of bee and bee product allergy.[1]

      There is an important research gap on apitherapy in Turkey, which is among the ten leading countries on beekeeping and honey production. The aim of this letter get primary care physicians and other scientists awre to consider apitherapy in their treatment choices and academic researches.



REFERENCES
1. Geleneksel ve tamamlayıcı tıp uygulamaları yönetmeliği. (Traditional and complementary medical practice regulations of the Ministry of Health). Resmi Gazete. Availabe at: http://www.resmigazete.gov.tr/eskiler/2014/10/20141027-3.htm.
2. Cough and cold remedies for the treatment of acute respiratory infections in young children. Department of Child and Adolescent Health and Development, World Health Organization 2001;1–39.
3. Qidwai W, Alim SR, Dhanani RH, Jehangir S, Nasrullah A, Raza A. Use of folk remedies among patients in Karachi Pakistan. J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad 2003;15(2):31-3.
4. Koepke R, Sobel J, Arnon SS. Global occurrence of infant botulism, 1976–2006. Pediatrics 2008;122(1):73-82.
5. Mulholland S, Chang AB. Honey and lozenges for children with non-specific cough. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2009;(2):CD007523.
6. Kelle İ. Ağrı tedavisinde alternatif ilaçlar. Dicle Tıp Dergisi 2006;33(3):192-200.
7. Talas ZS, Ozdemir I, Ciftci O, Cakir O, Gulhan MF, Pasaoglu OM. Role of propolis on biochemical parameters in kidney and heart tissues against L-NAME induced oxidative injury in rats. Clin Exp Hypertens 2014;36(7):492-6.
8. Song-Qing N. The effect of bee milk on the fluidity of red cells. Journal of Peking University (Health Sciences) 1983;4.














TJFMPC
Turkish Journal of Family Medicine
& Primary Care

e-ISSN: 1307-2048
© 2016 www.tjfmpc.gen.tr

Browser?
54.81.69.220